František Kupka, a young graduate of the Academy of Fine Arts in Prague and then Vienna, an anarchist, a follower of the natural way of life and a lover of esotericism, arrived in Paris in 1896, where he attended the Académie Julian. From 1899 and throughout 1900, he was very active as a cartoonist in the satirical press (Cocorico, Le Rire, L’Assiette au beurre, Le Canard sauvage, etc.) and as an illustrator (both in Bohemia and in France, notably with L’Homme et la terre by Élisée Reclus, but also with Leconte de Lisle, Aristophanes and Aeschylus). Attracted by philosophy and reflections on art, in Puteaux he frequented the Villon family and took part in avant-garde discussions. In 1912, he was the first artist to exhibit an abstract painting in public, at the Salon d’Automne in Paris. Apollinaire spoke of Orphism.